Woman-Smoker

Dear smokers! Terrible Things Smoking Does to Your Body! How to improve health?

I won’t tell you to stop smoking, since I assume that you’re all grown-ups who, as of now, don’t want to quit!
Does that mean that our fate is sealed? That we’ll grow old and fall apart sooner than expected?
If we don’t do something about it right now, it’s safe to say that’ll happen.
Our health as smokers can also be improved!

Can Active smokers improve their health?

An active smoker is prone to numerous other disorders that are all set to engulf his already short life.

An active smoker is susceptible to various infections, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, renal impairment, diabetes mellitus, infertility, hyperlipidemia, digestive disorders, and so forth.

If you choose to stick to your addiction or your addiction chooses to stick to you, here are six versatile herbs that are fully equipped to support your body in maximizing damage reduction.

HerbBenefitBenefit to smoker
Crataegus (Hawthorn)Attenuates respiratory diseasesDecreases airways inflammation[1]
 Reduces the chances of attaining Cardiovascular diseases.[2]Decreased chances of atherosclerosis Decreased chances of narrowing of arteriesDecreased chances of hypertensionLess chance of experiencing stroke
 Aid is digestion[3]Minimizes the chances of suffering from GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease)Lessens the chances of suffering peptic ulcer
 Diabetes Mellitus[4]Keeps FBG and HbA1C in a normalized ratio to keep glucose levels from soaring
 Subsides infertility[5]Increases sperm countIncreases sperm motilityImproves morphology of sperm
 Negates hyperlipidemia[4]Keeps cholesterol, HDL and LDL levels normalized.
AstragalusReduces Cardiovascular diseases[6]Helping hand for a failing heartIncreases ejection of fraction of left ventricleMaintains volume of blood
 Diabetes Mellitus[7-12]Postpones the onset of DM Type 1Attenuates insilitis and apoptotic β-cell massElevates proliferation of pancreatic β-cellsImproves impaired glucose toleranceRestores insulin sensitivity
 Wards off renal impairments[13]Curtails proteinuriaAmeliorates hemoglobin and serum albumin levels
 Boosts immunity[14]Keep infections like pneumonia, influenza and other viral and bacterial diseases at bay.
 Abates upper respiratory tract infections (URTI)[15]Reduces the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI)
AshwagandhaRepels mental health disorders[16]Paradoxically negates the depressive effects of nicotine.Treats sleeplessnessTreats nicotine induced anxietyAmeliorates concentration and focus
 Reduces respiratory diseases[17]Decreases the incidence of respiratory diseases
 Curtails hyperlipidemia[18]Reduce the levels of triglycerides, LDL and cholesterol Increases the level of HDL
 Diabetes Mellitus[19]Helpful in inducing hypoglycemia
FenugreekAnti-heartburn[20]Reduces heart burn due to smoking  
 Hypertension[21]It reduces systolic blood pressure which aids in normalizing the overall blood pressure
 Wards off signs of infertility[22-23]Increase testosterone levelsImproves sex driveIncreases strengthRelieves other disorders that are mediated by the release of testosterone
 Hepatoprotective[24]Reduces liver cell death
 Galactagogue[25]Increases milk supply
Milk ThistleBone protectant[26]Increases the osteoblast cell count and absorption of calcium that gets hindered by nicotine
 Neuroprotective[27, 28, 29]]Reduces the risk of receiving a neurodegenerative disease such as Alzheimer’s
 Anticancer[30]Its chemotherapeutic and chemopreventive effects hamper proliferation of cancer cells in lung, liver, bladder, and so forth.
 Hepatoprotective[30]Aids in treatment of various liver diseases such as cirrhosis and tapers down the production of inflammatory mediators.
 GalactagogueIncreases milk supply
Black seeds (Nigella sativa)Decreases the incidence of lower respiratory tract illnesses (LRTI)[31, 32, 33]Aids in treating Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), inflammation of airways, asthmatic attacks, and tonsillipharyngitis.
 Hepatoprotective[34, 35, 36]Decreases the death toll of hepatocytes.Reduces the chances of suffering ischemic reperfusion injuryLowers oxidative stress brought about by nicotineReduce the chances of hepatitis
 Diabetes Mellitus[37, 38]Decreases Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG), Post-prandial glucose and HbA1C.
 Aids in dyslipidemiaCurtail the levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and upgrades the synthesis of HDL.
 Immunizer[39]Markedly boosts immune system to ward off the infections to which the smokers are usually prone to.
 Rheumatoid arthritis[40]It lessens the swelling of joints but usually quitting smoking is the best way out of it.
 Anticancer[41]Reportage of efficacy against lung cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, colon and cervical cancer.

It should be acknowledged that smoking is highly condemned and is not appreciated in any way.

Special restriction is applied for lactating mothers. No matter how far these aforementioned herbs can go to treat smoking-related disorders, but a lactating must not consider these herbs and smoking for granted as transmittance and transition of harmful chemical through milk to baby can bring about severe devastation to baby’s health.

References

  1. Shin, I.S., Lee, M.Y., Lim, H.S., Ha, H., Seo, C.S., Kim, J.C. and Shin, H.K., 2012. An extract of Crataegus pinnatifida fruit attenuates airway inflammation by modulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in ovalbumin induced asthma. PLoS One7(9).
  2. Tassell, M.C., Kingston, R., Gilroy, D., Lehane, M. and Furey, A., 2010. Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Pharmacognosy reviews4(7), p.32.
  3. Tadić, V.M., Dobrić, S., Marković, G.M., Ðorđević, S.M., Arsić, I.A., Menković, N.R. and Stević, T., 2008. Anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, free-radical-scavenging, and antimicrobial activities of hawthorn berries ethanol extract. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry56(17), pp.7700-7709.
  4. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320264638_Effects_of_Hawthorn_on_HbA1C_and_lipids_levels_in_Jordanian_diabetic_patients_Type2
  5. Hu, L., Xu, H.M., Xiong, J.W., Tian, Y.H., Ming, Y., Xiong, F. and Xiong, C.L., 2006. Resistant effect of water decoction of root of Crataegus cuneata on male infertility induced by GTW in rats. Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi= Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi= China journal of Chinese materia medica31(18), pp.1521-1525.
  6. Yang, Q., Lu, S. and Sun, H., 2010. Effects of astragalus on cardiac function and serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha level in patients with chronic heart failure. Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi= Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine30(7), pp.699-701.
  7. Wu XY, Chen W, Yu MH. Effect of astragalus polysaccharides on expression of IL-4 and IFN-γ in non-obese diabetic mice. Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice. 2008;14(2):147–149.
  8. Astragalus polysaccharides: an effective treatment for diabetes prevention in NOD mice, Chen W, Li Y-, Yu M-, Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2008 Aug; 116(8):468-74.
  9. Chen W, Xia YP, Yu MH, Shi XM. Astragalus polysaccharides effect on pancreatic histopathology. China Journal of Modern Medicine. 2007;17(2):146–148.
  10. [Effect of Astragalus polysaccharide on pancreatic cell mass in type 1 diabetic mice], Li RJ, Qiu SD, Chen HX, Tian H, Liu GQ, Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2007 Oct; 32(20):2169-73.
  11. Astragalus polysaccharide improves insulin sensitivity in KKAy mice: regulation of PKB/GLUT4 signaling in skeletal muscle, Liu M, Wu K, Mao X, Wu Y, Ouyang J, J Ethnopharmacol. 2010 Jan 8; 127(1):32-7.
  12. Astragalus polysaccharides decreased the expression of PTP1B through relieving ER stress induced activation of ATF6 in a rat model of type 2 diabetes, Wang N, Zhang D, Mao X, Zou F, Jin H, Ouyang J, Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2009 Aug 13; 307(1-2):89-98.
  13. Block, K.I. and Mead, M.N., 2003. Immune system effects of echinacea, ginseng, and astragalus: a review. Integrative cancer therapies2(3), pp.247-267.
  14. Zhang, H.W., Lin, Z.X., Xu, C., Leung, C. and Chan, L.S., 2014. Astragalus (a traditional Chinese medicine) for treating chronic kidney disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (10).
  15. Zou, C., Su, G., Wu, Y., Lu, F., Mao, W. and Liu, X., 2013. Astragalus in the prevention of upper respiratory tract infection in children with nephrotic syndrome: evidence-based clinical practice. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine2013.
  16. Chandrasekhar, K., Kapoor, J. and Anishetty, S., 2012. A prospective, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of safety and efficacy of a high-concentration full-spectrum extract of ashwagandha root in reducing stress and anxiety in adults. Indian journal of psychological medicine34(3), p.255.
  17. Shenoy, S., Chaskar, U., Sandhu, J.S. and Paadhi, M.M., 2012. Effects of eight-week supplementation of Ashwagandha on cardiorespiratory endurance in elite Indian cyclists. Journal of Ayurveda and integrative medicine3(4), p.209.
  18. Visavadiya, N.P. and Narasimhacharya, A.V.R.L., 2007. Hypocholesteremic and antioxidant effects of Withania somnifera (Dunal) in hypercholesteremic rats. Phytomedicine14(2-3), pp.136-142.
  19. Andallu, B. and Radhika, B., 2000. Hypoglycemic, diuretic and hypocholesterolemic effect of winter cherry (Withania somnifera, Dunal) root.
  20. DiSilvestro, R.A., Verbruggen, M.A. and Offutt, E.J., 2011. Anti‐heartburn effects of a fenugreek fiber product. Phytotherapy Research25(1), pp.88-91.
  21. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304351643_Therapeutic_Importance_of_Fenugreek_Trigonella_foenum-graecum_L_A_Review
  22. Wilborn, C., Taylor, L., Poole, C., Foster, C., Willoughby, D. and Kreider, R., 2010. Effects of a purported aromatase and 5 α-reductase inhibitor on hormone profiles in college-age men. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism20(6), pp.457-465.
  23. https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-733/fenugreek
  24. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK548826/
  25. Turkyılmaz, C., Onal, E., Hirfanoglu, I.M., Turan, O., Koç, E., Ergenekon, E. and Atalay, Y., 2011. The effect of galactagogue herbal tea on breast milk production and short-term catch-up of birth weight in the first week of life. The journal of alternative and complementary medicine17(2), pp.139-142.
  26. Farhana Mohd Fozi, N., Mazlan, M., Nazrun Shuid, A. and Naina Mohamed, I., 2013. Milk thistle: a future potential anti-osteoporotic and fracture healing agent. Current drug targets14(14), pp.1659-1666.
  27. Cho, H., Kim, C., Kim, H.J., Ye, B.S., Kim, Y.J., Jung, N.Y., Son, T.O., Cho, E.B., Jang, H., Lee, J. and Kang, M., 2016. Impact of smoking on neurodegeneration and cerebrovascular disease markers in cognitively normal men. European journal of neurology23(1), pp.110-119.
  28. Devi, K.P., Malar, D.S., Braidy, N., Nabavi, S.M. and Nabavi, S.F., 2017. A Mini Review on the Chemistry and Neuroprotective Effects of Silymarin. Current drug targets18(13), pp.1529-1536.
  29. Borah, A., Paul, R., Choudhury, S., Choudhury, A., Bhuyan, B., Das Talukdar, A., Dutta Choudhury, M. and Mohanakumar, K.P., 2013. Neuroprotective potential of silymarin against CNS disorders: insight into the pathways and molecular mechanisms of action. CNS neuroscience & therapeutics19(11), pp.847-853.
  30. https://www.who.int/features/qa/76/en/
  31. Boskabady MH, Mohsenpoor N, Takaloo L. Antiasthmatic effect of Nigella sativa in airways of asthmatic patients. Phytomedicine. 2010;17(10):707–13. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2010.01.002. [PubMed]
  32. Ahmad J, Khan RA, Malik MA. A study of Nigella sativa oil in the management of wheeze associated lower respiratory tract illness in children. Afr J Pharm Pharmacol. 2009;3(5):248–51.
  33. Ansari MA, Ansari NA, Junejo SA. Montelukast versus Nigella sativa for management of seasonal allergic rhinitis: a single blind comparative clinical trial. Pak J Med Sci. 2010;26(2):249–54.
  34. Sogut, B., Celik, I., Tuluce, Y. (2008). The effects of diet supplemented with the black Cumin (Nigella sativa L.) upon immune potential and antioxidant marker enzymes and lipid peroxidation in broiler chicks. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 7: 1196–1199.
  35. Abdel-Moneim A, Morsy BM, Mahmoud AM, Abo-Seif MA, Zanaty MI. Beneficial theraputic effects of Nigella sativa and/or Zingiber officinale in HCV patients in Egypt. Excli J. 2013;12:943–55
  36. Onifade AA, Jewell AP, Adedeji WA. Nigella sativa concoction induced sustained seroreversion in HIV patient. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2013;10(5):332–5.
  37. Heshmati J, Namazi N, Memarzadeh MR, Taghizadeh M, Kolandooz F. Nigella sativa oil affects glucose metabolism and lipid concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Food Res Int. 2015;70:87–93. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2015.01.030.
  38. El-Shamy KA, Mosa MMA, El-Nabarawy SK, El-Qattan M. Effect of Nigella sativa tea in type 2-diabetic patients as regards glucose homeostasis, liver and kidney functions. J Appl Sci Res. 2011;7(12):2524–34.
  39. Ghonime, M., Eldomany, R., Abdelaziz, A., Soliman, H. (2011). Evaluation of immunomodulatory effect of three herbal plants growing in Egypt. Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology, 33: 141–145
  40. Gheita, T.A. and Kenawy, S.A., 2012. Effectiveness of Nigella sativa oil in the management of rheumatoid arthritis patients: a placebo controlled study. Phytotherapy research26(8), pp.1246-1248.
  41. Khan, A., Chen, H.C., Tania, M. and Zhang, D.Z., 2011. Anticancer activities of Nigella sativa (black cumin). African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines8(5S).

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